3 Ways the Economy in Chile Affects the Baltic Region

Large distances do not deter Chile and the Baltic states from maintaining fruitful bilateral cooperation. Chile’s economic growth is both a cause and effect of economic progression of the Baltic States. There are 3 ways the economy in Chile affects the Baltic Region. The ties between Chile and Lithuania date back almost 200 years ago. Since then, these two countries have been helping each other in international communities and in economic, education, and cultural issues. Cultural ties between Chile and Lithuania are said to originate from Ignas Domeika, a Lithuanian, arrived in Santiago and became the rector of the University of Chile.

shutterstock_453848032Activities of Corpora Tres Montes in Latvia

Signing of the “Treaty of the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Chile on Mutual Investment Promotion and Protection” is another way the economy of Chile affects the Baltic region. The treaty saw the start of the development of the convention aimed at abolishing double taxing between Chile and Baltic States. This is a major step in improving trade between the countries. As the Chilean economy grows, there are more trade volumes with the Baltic state. Leaders from the two sides (Ambasador Cubillos and Foreign Minister Valdis Birkavs) have expressed their support for the initiative. bsssc.no covers such critical events.

Chile investors welcomed to the Baltic region

Welcoming Chilean entrepreneurs is one of the 3 ways the economy in Chile affects the Baltic Region. Lithuania has been encouraging Chilean entrepreneurs to start businesses in the country. Consequently, Chilean investment has contributed to Lithuainia’s economy becoming one of the fastest growing in Europe. Lithuanian entrepreneurs also have ways of exporting their products to Chile. The fact that Chile is the third biggest trading partner of the Baltic States from Latin America means that Chile’s economic growth has a direct effect on the trade with the three nations. This is evidenced by the percentage of Chile’s investment in Europe. Most of it is in the Baltic States.

 

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The Economy of Chile

the-economy-of-chileThe Chilean economy is highly ranked in the world and is ranked as a high-income economy and is considered one of the most stable and prosperous countries in South America. It is a leading Latin American nation in income per capita, competitiveness, globalization, low perception of corruption, and economic freedom. However, as measured by the so-called Gini index, Chile has high economic inequality.

In 2006, ten years ago, Chile became the country with the highest GDP in Latin America. In 2010, it became the first country in South America that joined the OECD. Its tax revenues (20,2% of GDP) were one of the lowest among the OECD countries in 2013, second lowest out of 34 to be precise, and the lowest in 2010. Less than 3% of the Chilean population lived on less than $2 a day in 2008.

The report of the global competitiveness ranked Chile the 30th and the first in the world and in Latin America in the matter of competitiveness in 2009 to 2010. For the comparison, Brazil was ranked 56th, Mexico 60th and Argentina 85th. Today, it is not in the top 30, but 34th in 2014, 41st in 2015 and 48th in 2016.

The largest sectors by GDP in 2012 were mining (mostly copper), business and personal services, manufacturing, wholesale and of course, retail trade. Almost 60% of its export were in the mining sectors!

Chilean Top Export Goods

Chile mostly exports goods such as copper (53.6%), grapes and other fruits (8.4%), chemicals (5.0%), seafood and fish (4.5%), paper and pulp (3.3%), wine (2.4%), lumber (2.2%), and gold (2.1%). Also, it is the 2nd biggest exporter of salmon in the world. Its main export partners are China, the United States, Japan, Brazil, and South Korea. However, its main import partners are the United States, China, Brazil, Germany, and Argentina. It mostly imports machinery, petroleum, transport equipment, chemicals, steel, and natural gas.

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Easter Island And Moai Human Figures

  • Location: Ester Island (Rapa Nui National Park) in Chile

Description of Human Figures

Rapa Nui’s mysterious statues also called Moai stone figures are head-and-torso figures, carved in huge stones. The average figure is approximately 13 feet (4 meters) tall and around 14 tons. There are 400 statues appearing in all stages of completion and fascinating condition.

Symbolism And Characteristics

easter-island-and-moai-human-figuresThey stand in silence and evoke enormous respect to its creators. No one really knows why the Rapa Nui people constructed this magnificent and enormous human figures, but most of the highly educated scholars think that Moai figures were created to honor their ancestors, important persons in the village and chiefs. There is no way to know as a fact because there is no written evidence and little oral history on the island. For sure, this island remains an enigma.

History

A Polynesians and its society blossomed in this little island after they arrived in a fleet of wooden canoes. This tiny island is located in the huge vastness of the ocean. They lived in isolation with the nearest island being around 1,770 km far from this unique culture. Rapa Nui developed such a unique and distinct artistic and architectural culture, nowhere to be seen, but here. The culture reached its golden age during the 10th to 16th centuries, when they erected and carved around 900 Moai figures all across the Easter Island.

Today

Nowadays, tourists on Easter island are numerous and mostly visit so-called Rano Raraku quarry. Rano Raraku quarry yielded the stones, which were used to create the Moai figures. They left the quarry in an amazing condition, that is one of the reasons that it receives many visits from foreigners. However, because of the rapid deteriorating of the volcanic stones due to weather, those priceless carvings are becoming plain rocks once more. This reversing creation process is one of the main subjects of conservation efforts to help preserve the amazing legacy of Rapa Nui.

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The Amazing Chilean Cuisine

the-amazing-chilean-cuisineBecause of its location and the fact that it has a very long coast, Chilean cuisine is diverse and quite unique. It arose from the traditional Spanish cuisine and its tradition due to long Spanish colonization in its history. Part of Chilean culture and cuisine was brought by European immigrants like the Germans and Italians, who brought different traditions and styles of cooking.

The most important mark on the Chilean cuisine had French cuisine in the 20th century. It marked an important and a huge turning point in the cuisine by influencing the culinary methods and inventing a Criollo style that has been implemented now and forever in Chilean cooking and cuisine.

The British cuisine influenced the Chilean cuisine, too. It has given Chileans the onces and tea breaks, which are usually taken somewhere in the afternoon. That custom is common for all Chileans and all backgrounds and classes.

A lot of Chilean recipes are accompanied and improved by Chilean pisco and wine. Chilean pisco is a type of Chilean grape brandy but is also consumed and liked in some parts of Peru.

Each part of the Chile has its own unique cuisine, but some dishes are known signature for the whole Chilean region. Because of its long history, Chile has the exotic cuisine and interesting mix brought in the Chilean cooking by different nations that conquered them and the old ancestors. Due to the long period of Spanish colonization, Chilean cuisine is probably the most similar to Spanish cuisine, however, some dishes can be found outside the Chilean borders, but nothing compares to the Chilean way of cooking and its local supplies for the dishes.

The List of The Most Famous Chilean Dishes

  • Arrollado de Huaso
  • Asado
  • Bistec a lo Pobre
  • Charquicán
  • Sopaipilla
  • Chilean salad
  • Chilenitos
  • Churrasco
  • Curanto
  • Cola de mono
  • Empanada
  • Manjar Blanco
  • Humita
  • Pan de Pascua
  • Marraqueta
  • Pastel de choclo
  • Mote con huesillo
  • Porotos granados
  • Pebre
  • Cazuela
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The Clandestine Route of Pablo Neruda

the-clandestine-route-of-pablo-nerudaThe Clandestine route led the famous Chilean poet Pablo Neruda to his salvation and freedom.

In order to escape the Chilean authorities and his ideological persecutions, Pablo Neruda had chosen the Futrono in 1949.

Before setting out on the track, one should know why Pablo Neruda was wanted by the Chilean authorities. In 1948 Gabriel Gonzáles Videla, the president of that time, unleashed a wave of repression against all the communists. Pablo Neruda strongly confronted the president with his verbal attacks and because of that later had been persecuted by the authorities.

The poet had to live in secrecy for a long period of time until he fled to Argentina after he crossed the Andes Mountain Range. After Argentina, he finally escaped exiling to Europe.

His exciting story and the odyssey began in Futrono. He arrived in the city port, where his track was found in December of 1948. He came there from Santiago in a car that caught all the attention – Chevrolet. He was under the alias Antonio Ruiz Lagorreta and he spent the night in the village. The next morning, he went to Port Llifén after several hours of sailing on Lake Ranco.

From Port Llifén he went to the Port Llolles, where he actually crossed the Lake Maihue to the timber ranch Hueinahue. He stayed there for approximately 2 months and learned how to ride a horse. At this spot, he wrote his known poem “Canto general”. In order to get to Argentina, the poet had to cross the Andes on horseback. He had to go through the infamous clandestine pass called “Los Contrabandistas” or the smugglers.

His steps led him to the Lake Maihue, where some locals waited for him and showed him the way to Argentina. Then he had to cross over a couple of rivers, one of the hardest steps: Blanco River, Curriñe River, and Huenteleifú River. He arrived in the hot springs of Chihuio, where Neruda managed to rest after a long horseback ride. The next day, he finally went to the San Martín de Los Andes, which is in Argentina – his freedom!

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The Top 10 Places to See in Chile (Part 2)

5. Valparaiso

Loved by the native Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, located in Central Chile, Valparaiso is a large chaotic port. This is the urban and innovative center of Latin America and it was the first place to have a volunteer department. It is known for its underground street and urban art movement and working class roots. Valparaiso is mostly known for lovely bright colored houses, nightlife, and the best seaside sights, rather than tourist attractions.

4. The Chilean Lake District

The Chilean lake district stretches from Temuco in the northern part and Puerto Montt in the southern part. It is home to dense green forests, crystal-clear lakes, and snow-capped volcanoes. Nowadays, one can find untouched nature and lakes such as the Los Alerces National Park also known as Chile’s Yosemite.

3. San Pedro de Atacama

San Pedro de Atacama is one of the most visited places in Chile. It is a town on the edge of Austere, known as salt plains and endless flood surrounded by amazing coppery mountains. One can have an opportunity to see the undiluted night sky, which is here considered as the best way to spend the night!

2. Torres del Paine

torres-del-paineIt is a glaciated southern part of Chile and known as the towers of blue. There are three large pillars in the park that gave it its name. It is the home of horns, mountains, and old glaciated lakes. One can explore this park with a mini van or horseback riding tours, but mostly it is a foot-only national park.

1. Easter Island

Easter Island is located around 3,500 km from the heart of Central Chile and is today one of the greatest mysteries in the world. The island is treeless and full of giant and hollow-eyed stone statues. The human stone figures are carved by Polynesian visitors and are probably the greatest gift to their ancestors.

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The Top 10 Places to See in Chile (Part 1)

10. La Serena

La Serena is the second oldest town in the Chilean nation. It is located in the north and is full of interesting architecture and the golden beach. It has got a quite good reputation as a highly intellectual little town and some really amazing sights that fit that description. For every outdoor enthusiast, there is a bike tour through the Elqui Valley, swimming, snorkeling, diving and hiking through the Isla Damas and the national park at Fray Jorge.

9. Santiago

Santiago is the capital city of Chile and now is the cultural and political heart of Chile. There is so much to see in the city of Santiago, from the most amazing high mountain of the Cerro San Cristobal Park to Pablo Neruda’s lovely writing retreat. Top sights and things to do in Santiago are skiing in Valle Nevado and Portillo, the wine tasting at Vina Aquitania and the visit to the museums – Museo Chile de Arte Precolumbio and Museo de la Moda.

10. The Chiloé Island

The Chiloé Island is in the Los Lagos Region and is part of the Chiloé Archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. It is the second largest island after Tierra del Fuego in South America. Due to its physical isolation, it has got a quite special local culture. Also, the Spanish and Jesuit missionaries constructed the unique wooden little churches to bring Christianity to the Chiloé Archipelago.

7. The Iquique

The Iquique is a Chilean casino and beach town. It offers a long boardwalk and, of course, the magnificent 19th century Aztoreca Palace in Georgian architecture. It is also called, the Monte Carlo of South America and Chile. One can even go shopping in the attractive duty-free district and to try the local Chilean cuisine in the street Baquedano.

6. The Chilean Fjords

the-chilean-fjordsThe southern Chilean coast is a synonym for a coast full of fjords. The channels provide the only access to this particular part of the Patagonia region. The trip usually starts from Puerto Montt to Carretera Austral, Puerto Natales, and Laguna San Rafael. Travelers can see whales and sea lions.

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